14C age determination for human bones during the Yayoi period - The calibration ambiguity around 2400 BP and the marine reservoir effect

S. Mihara, Kazuo Miyamoto, T. Nakamura, H. Koike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

14C ages for Japanese prehistoric samples from the Latest Jomon period to the early Yayoi period have a calibration ambiguity for dates around 2400 BP. It is also necessary to correct for the marine reservoir effect on 14C ages of human bone samples from people who consumed marine food as a protein source. The Ohtomo site in western Japan, is a cemetery site used from the end of the Latest Jomon period to the Kofun period, provide a useful archaeological chronology. Human bones found in dolmen burials, jar burials and cist burials. In this study, we determined the 14C ages of human bone samples and calculated the marine reservoir effect, using diet analysis based on carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. Diet analysis showed that these people obtained from 40% to 60% of their protein from marine sources. Their 14C ages with calibration and marine reservoir correction were serially matched with the archaeological chronology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-704
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume223-224
Issue numberSPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2004

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chronology
ambiguity
bones
diets
Bone
Calibration
Nutrition
proteins
Proteins
food
Isotopes
Japan
isotopes
Nitrogen
nitrogen
Carbon
carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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AU - Koike, H.

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