Superior oxygen and glucose supply in perfusion cell cultures compared to static cell cultures demonstrated by simulations using the finite element method

Shinji Sugiura, Yusuke Sakai, Kohji Nakazawa, Toshiyuki Kanamori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxygen and glucose supply is one of the important factors for the growth and viability of the cells in cultivation of tissues, e. g., spheroid, multilayered cells, and three-dimensional tissue construct. In this study, we used finite element methods to simulate the flow profile as well as oxygen and glucose supply to the multilayered cells in a microwell array chip for static and perfusion cultures. The simulation results indicated that oxygen supply is more crucial than glucose supply in both static and perfusion cultures, and that the oxygen supply through the wall of the perfusion culture chip is important in perfusion cultures. Glucose concentrations decline with time in static cultures, whereas they can be maintained at a constant level over time in perfusion cultures. The simulation of perfusion cultures indicated that the important parameters for glucose supply are the flow rate of the perfusion medium and the length of the cell culture chamber. In a perfusion culture chip made of oxygen-permeable materials, e. g., polydimethylsiloxane, oxygen is hardly supplied via the perfusion medium, but mainly supplied through the walls of the perfusion culture chip. The simulation of perfusion cultures indicated that the important parameters for oxygen supply are the thickness of the flow channel and the oxygen permeability of the walls of the channel, i.e., the type of material and the thickness of the wall. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3589910]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9346-
JournalBiomicrofluidics
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Superior oxygen and glucose supply in perfusion cell cultures compared to static cell cultures demonstrated by simulations using the finite element method'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this