Polyurethane elastomers (PUEs) containing trans-1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl)cyclohexane (1,4-H6XDI) have been synthesized by polymerizing 1,4-H6XDI with poly(oxytetramethylene) glycol and 1,4-butanediol. The molecular aggregation state and mechanical properties of these PUEs have been compared with those exhibited by PUE analogues made of MDI and diols. The hard segment chains in the 1,4-H6XDI-based PUEs are found to readily crystallize and form strong hydrogen bonds due to a high symmetry of 1,4-H6XDI molecule. Consequently, the 1,4-H6XDI-based PUEs exhibit well-organized hard segment domains. This leads to their generally superior mechanical properties as compared to those of the well-known MDI-based PUEs. 1,4-H6XDI’s lack of aromatic moieties is expected to greatly enhance color stability of resulting PUEs. All the above features suggest 1,4-H6XDI could replace MDI in a range of applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry