This study reports a production of a superplastic Ni-based superalloy (Inconel 718) using a process of severe plastic deformation through high-pressure sliding (HPS). The grain size of the alloy was reduced to ~120 nm by operating the HPS process under 4 GPa at room temperature with a recently upscaled facility. The ultrafined-grained structure was well retained even after annealing at 1173 K for 1 h. Tensile tests were conducted in air at a testing temperature in the range of 973–1173 K with an initial strain rate of 5.0×10−4–2.0×10−2 s−1. Superplastic elongation more than 400% were attained at all testing conditions except at 973 K. High-strain rate superplasticity (defined with strain rates higher than 1×10−2 s−1) was achieved at temperatures higher than 1073 K. Electron back scatter diffraction analyses revealed that a preferential orientation of the grains was developed by the HPS processing but it was randomized with tensile deformation. Evaluation of the strain rate sensitivity and the activation energy for the superplastic deformation confirmed that the superplasticity of Inconel 718 was controlled by grain boundary sliding through lattice diffusion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering