Supersonic O2-jet impingement on liquid iron with surface chemistry

Daisaku Nakazono, Ken Ichi Abe, Michio Nishida, Kouichi Kurita

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21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes numerical analysis of a supersonic O2-jet impingement on carbon-contained liquid iron under vacuum circumstances. The gas phase is assumed to be composed of O2, CO, CO2, O and C. Since gas temperature is elevated over 1 000 K in the vicinity of the surface of liquid iron, high-temperature gas effects, namely vibrational energy excitation and dissociation, are included in the analysis. Therefore, the flow field is expressed by Navier-Stokes equations consisting of mass conservation, momentum, over-all energy, vibrational energy and species mass conservation equations. Furthermore, surface reactions for O2-C and O-C encounters are included in surface boundary conditions. Cavity geometry is determined from the balance of pressure, shear stress, surface tension and liquid buoyancy. Based on the numerical results, sensitivity of mass fraction for each species to the probability of surface reaction is discussed. In addition, the effect of the surface reactions on the cavity geometry is clarified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
Journalisij international
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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