Antiangiogenic therapy shows promise as a strategy for cancer treatment. We constructed an adenovirus (AdVEGF-ExR) expressing the entire extracellular domain of the human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor (flt- I) fused to the Fc portion of human IgG. The soluble receptor secreted from AdVEGF-ExR-infected cells bound to VEGF and inhibited VEGF-induced DNA synthesis in endothelial cells. When human lung cancer cell line H157, which produces not only VEGF but also fibroblast growth factor 2 and interleukin 8 at substantial levels, was infected with AdVEGF-ExR, cell growth in vitro was not affected. However, when H157 cells infected with AdVEGF-ExR were injected s.c. into nude mice, tumor formation stopped on the 10th day after reaching a certain size (about 100 mm3), and tumor size declined gradually thereafter. When AdVEGF-ExR was injected into skeletal muscle and uninfected H157 cells were injected s.c., the soluble receptor was detectable in the circulating blood for 3 weeks, tumor growth ceased after 10 days, and tumor size declined thereafter. Histological examination revealed that intratumor angiogenesis was markedly suppressed, and apoptosis was enhanced. Using the same experimental protocol, a significant suppression of tumor growth was also seen in four of five other lung cancer cell lines, some of which secreted VEGF at nominal levels, at least under normoxic conditions in vitro. Our results demonstrate that adenovirus-mediated expression of a soluble VEGF receptor in a remote organ could inhibit tumor angiogenesis and enhance apoptosis and thereby suppress tumor growth in vivo. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of a soluble VEGF receptor in a remote organ may have the potential to be a feasible and effective strategy for cancer treatment.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 15 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research