The surface freezing transition of a mixed adsorbed film containing cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) and n-hexadecanol (C16OH) was utilized at the dodecane-water interface to control the stability of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions. The corresponding surface frozen and surface liquid mixed adsorbed films were characterized using interfacial tensiometry and X-ray reflectometry. The emulsion samples prepared in the temperature range of the surface frozen and surface liquid phases showed a clear difference in their stability: the emulsion volume decreased continuously right after the emulsification in the surface liquid region, while it remained constant or decreased at a much slower rate in the surface frozen region. Compared to the previously examined CTAC-tetradecane mixed adsorbed film, the surface freezing temperature increased from 9.5 to 25.0 °C due to the better chain matching between CTAC and C16OH and higher surface activity of C16OH. This then renders such systems much more attractive for practical applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces