The aim of this study is to improve the biocompatibility of titanium alloy (Ti) implants by immobilization of multilayered phospholipid polymer hydrogel able to reduce protein adsorption and cell adhesion. We fabricated and characterized a multilayered hydrogel on Ti substrate via a layer-by-layer self-assembly deposition method using a phospholipid polymer bearing a phenylboronic acid moiety and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The water-soluble phospholipid polymer (PMBV) was synthesized from 2-methacrylocyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine, n-butyl methacrylate, and 4-vinylphenylboronic acid (VPBA). The PMBV reacted with PVA and formed a hydrogel due to covalent linkage between the VPBA units and hydroxyl groups of PVA. The hydrogel layer growth on the Ti surface was initialized by the deposition of one layer of photoreactive PVA bonded by UV irradiation to the Ti surface, which was modified with an alkylsilane compound. The multilayered hydrogel was built up by alternating the deposition of the PMBV and PVA; this was monitored by several methods: static contact angle measurement, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and attenuated Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The results revealed clearly the progressive construction of the multilayered hydrogel on the Ti substrate. The PMBV/PVA multilayer prepared on the Ti substrate reduced the adhesion of L929 cells compared with that on an untreated Ti substrate. Thus, we concluded that the formation of the multilayered hydrogel is effective to improve the biocompatibility on Ti-based medical devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry