Surface dynamics in monodisperse polystyrene films was examined by lateral force microscopy in conjunction with dynamic secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Glass transition temperature, Tg, at the surface was markedly lower than the corresponding bulk Tg. Also, it was shown that polymer chains present at the surface could diffuse even at a temperature below the bulk Tg. The surface depth, in which molecular motion was activated, was of the order of 5 nm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry