The selective and efficient removal of oxygenated groups from lignin-derived phenols is a critical challenge to utilize lignin as a source for renewable aromatic chemicals. This report describes how surface modification of a zeolite-supported Pt catalyst using ionic liquids (ILs) remarkably increases selectivity for the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of phenols into arenes under mild reaction conditions using atmospheric pressure H2. Unmodified Pt/H-ZSM-5 converts phenols into aliphatic species as the major products along with a slight amount of arenes (10 % selectivity). In contrast, the catalyst modified with an IL, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium triflate, keeps up to 76 % selectivity for arenes even at a nearly complete conversion of phenols. The IL on the surface of Pt catalyst may offer the adsorption of phenols in an edge-to-face manner onto the surface, thus accelerating the HDO without the ring hydrogenation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry