Surface molecular motion in polyolefin single crystals

Atsushi Sakai, Hirohiko Yakabe, Keiji Tanaka, Toshihiko Nagamura, Tisato Kajiyama

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In order to study an effect of underneath crystalline phase on surface molecular motion, lateral force on an isotactic polypropylene (iPP) single crystal was examined as a function of temperature. Single crystals of iPP were prepared by isothermal crystallization from a 1-chloronaphthalene solution with the concentration of 4×10 -3 wt% at 383 K for 24 h. Thermal molecular motion for a bulk iPP sample prepared by a melt-quenching method was also examined by dynamic mechanical analysis, hi the case of the single crystal surface, α a-relaxation process arisen from the segmental motion was observed at approximately 260 K, which was lower than the corresponding bulk value by about 30 K. This result indicates that surface molecular motion in the single crystal is more active than that in the bulk although the surface located on the crystalline phase is quite thin.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005
Event54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005 - Yokohama, Japan
Duration: May 25 2005May 27 2005

Other

Other54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005
CountryJapan
CityYokohama
Period5/25/055/27/05

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Polyolefins
Polypropylenes
Single crystals
Crystalline materials
Single crystal surfaces
Relaxation processes
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Quenching
Crystallization
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Sakai, A., Yakabe, H., Tanaka, K., Nagamura, T., & Kajiyama, T. (2005). Surface molecular motion in polyolefin single crystals. Paper presented at 54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005, Yokohama, Japan.

Surface molecular motion in polyolefin single crystals. / Sakai, Atsushi; Yakabe, Hirohiko; Tanaka, Keiji; Nagamura, Toshihiko; Kajiyama, Tisato.

2005. Paper presented at 54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005, Yokohama, Japan.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Sakai, A, Yakabe, H, Tanaka, K, Nagamura, T & Kajiyama, T 2005, 'Surface molecular motion in polyolefin single crystals', Paper presented at 54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005, Yokohama, Japan, 5/25/05 - 5/27/05.
Sakai A, Yakabe H, Tanaka K, Nagamura T, Kajiyama T. Surface molecular motion in polyolefin single crystals. 2005. Paper presented at 54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005, Yokohama, Japan.
Sakai, Atsushi ; Yakabe, Hirohiko ; Tanaka, Keiji ; Nagamura, Toshihiko ; Kajiyama, Tisato. / Surface molecular motion in polyolefin single crystals. Paper presented at 54th SPSJ Annual Meeting 2005, Yokohama, Japan.1 p.
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AU - Sakai, Atsushi

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AU - Kajiyama, Tisato

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