Surgical impacts of an en bloc resection of the diaphragm for hepatocellular carcinoma with gross diaphragmatic involvement

Yo Ichi Yamashita, Kazutoyo Morita, Tomohiro Iguchi, Eiji Tsujita, Yuji Soejima, Akinobu Taketomi, Yoshihiko Maehara

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Abstract

Purpose: Diaphragmatic involvement is relatively uncommon in patients undergoing a hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term surgical impacts of HCC with gross diaphragmatic involvement in patients undergoing an en bloc resection of the diaphragm. Methods: Between 1990 and 2007, 911 patients with HCC underwent a hepatectomy at our institution. Twenty-seven patients (3.0%) had had gross involvement of the diaphragm. Thirteen patients (1.4%) had undergone an en bloc resection of the diaphragm, and 14 (1.5%) had received only a blunt dissection. The short-term surgical impacts (surgical morbidity and mortality) and long-term surgical impacts (overall and disease-free survival) were compared between the groups. Results: In patients with an en bloc resection of the diaphragm as compared with those who received a blunt dissection, the values of total bilirubin and the indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min were significantly better (P < 0.01 and P = 0.04, respectively), and the rate of positivity for the hepatitis B antigen was significantly higher (P = 0.02). The positive rates of microscopic fibrocapsular invasion (P = 0.03), microscopic vascular invasion (P = 0.04), and Ki-67 immunostaining (P = 0.04) were significantly higher in patients with an en bloc resection of the diaphragm. There were no significant differences in the short-term and long-term surgical impacts between the groups. Conclusion: An en bloc resection of the diaphragm in patients with gross diaphragmatic involvement of HCC is therefore justified, since there are no significant differences in short- or long-term surgical impacts in comparison with the patients receiving blunt dissection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalSurgery today
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

Yamashita, Y. I., Morita, K., Iguchi, T., Tsujita, E., Soejima, Y., Taketomi, A., & Maehara, Y. (2011). Surgical impacts of an en bloc resection of the diaphragm for hepatocellular carcinoma with gross diaphragmatic involvement. Surgery today, 41(1), 101-106. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-010-4289-x