Surgical Management of Patients with Radiation Enteritis

H. Nakashima, H. Ueo, K. Shibuta, K. Baba, H. Kusumoto, M. Haraguchi, M. Mori, T. Akiyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To improve the surgical outcome in patients with radiation enteritis, 18 female cases were analyzed. Out of the 18 cases, 3 (16.7%) were treated conservatively while 15 (83.3%) underwent surgical procedures. Thirteen out of 14 patients (92.8%) with ileus underwent an operation. The overall mortality was 22.2% (4 out of 18 cases). However, no significant difference in the mortality between the operated and non-operated cases was observed. Although an analysis of the 15 operated cases did not reveal any significant factors that might have affected the prognosis, all four patients who underwent a bypass operation showed a good postoperative course, with only one exception being a patient suffering from malnutrition. Although only a small number of patients were included in this study, these results suggest that 1) surgeons should not hesitate to operate on patients with radiation enteritis demonstrating ileus, and 2) a bypass operation may be one surgical alternative in the presence of massive adhesion or for patients at high risk for a standard operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-418
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Surgery
Volume81
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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