Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients are sometimes referred for thoracic surgical consultation to address the possibility of resecting second primary lung cancer. We report a case of pulmonary resection for second primary lung adenocarcinoma after 3 cycles of pembrolizumab under circumstances in which the primary metastatic lung adenocarcinoma was controlled. The tumor statuses, including programmed death-ligand 1, epidermal growth factor receptor, and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, were different between the surgically resected specimen and the previously biopsied sample. Surgery should be considered for second primary NSCLC in cases in which the primary NSCLC are well controlled with immune checkpoint inhibitors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine