Cryopreservation of embryos is a useful method for stably preserving various strains for a long time, and the cryopreserved embryos can be used at any time by simple warming. However, the viability of cryopreserved embryos, particularly vitrification at an early stage, is low compared to that of fresh embryos. As the warming process during vitrification is known to affect the survivability and subsequent development of embryos, the present study aimed to examine the viability and subsequent development of vitrified early-stage mouse embryos after warming at different temperatures. The survival rate of pronuclear and 2-cell stage embryos warmed at 60 °C (97% and 88%, respectively) was significantly higher than that of the embryos warmed at 37 °C (46% and 48%, respectively). The pronuclear and 2-cell stage embryos warmed at 60 °C (86% and 100%) showed better development to the blastocyst stage than the embryos warmed at 37 °C (72% and 84%, respectively). The development of offspring of the surviving embryos was similar at both the warming temperatures. These results showed that the survivability and subsequent development of vitrified early-stage mouse embryos were obviously increased upon rapid warming. This improved warming process could be helpful for the maintenance and reproduction of genetic resources.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 5 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology