To identify cancer-specific targets, we have conducted a synthetic lethal screen using a small interfering RNA (siRNA) library targeting ∼4,000 individual genes for enhanced killing in the DLD-1 colon carcinoma cell line that expresses an activated copy of the K-Ras oncogene. We found that siRNAs targeting baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat-containing 5 (survivin) significantly reduced the survival of activated K-Ras-transformed cells compared with its normal isogenic counterpart in which the mutant K-Ras gene had been disrupted (DKS-8). In addition, survivin siRNA induced a transient G2-M arrest and marked polyploidy that was associated with increased caspase-3 activation in the activated K-Ras cells. These results indicate that tumors expressing the activated K-Ras oncogene may be particularly sensitive to inhibitors of the survivin protein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research