Crystal engineering of three-component crystals with guest-dependent photoluminescence switching, including (i) crystallization-induced emission enhancement, (ii) intermolecular charge-transfer emission, and (iii) room-temperature phosphorescence under ultraviolet irradiation, was demonstrated. This strategy was based on the confinement of aromatic guests in a supramolecular host (denoted as EBPDI-TPFB) composed of 5,5′-(ethyne-1,2-diyl)bis(2-pyridin-3-yl-isoindoline-1,3-dione (EBPDI) with two tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane (TPFB) molecules linked by B−N dative bonds that acted as Lewis pairs. The single-crystal X-ray structures of complexes with eight different guests were collected, revealing that the size and/or shape of the supramolecular host EBPDI-TPFB was modulated by the included guest molecules. The excellent guest inclusion ability of EBPDI-TPFB allowed systematic photoluminescence regulation of the complexes, which exhibited multicolor emissions in the crystalline state. Photoluminescence switching characteristics of the complexes were observed upon removing the guests or mechanical grinding of the crystals. These results indicated that using the host–guest chemistry of multicomponent crystals not only facilitates crystallization, but also can reveal hidden optical functions by combining molecules of interest, which should contribute to the fields of physical chemistry and materials science.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry