Synergistic Effect of Carbonate Apatite and Autogenous Bone on Osteogenesis

Ikiru Atsuta, Tokihisa Mizokami, Yohei Jinno, Bin Ji, Tingyu Xie, Yasunori Ayukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bone augmentation using artificial bone is an important option in dental defect prostheses. A bone substitute using carbonate apatite (CO3Ap), an inorganic component of bone, was reported to have promising bone formation and bone replacement ability. However, the osteoinductivity of artificial bone is less than autogenous bone (AB). In this study, CO3Ap with AB is demonstrated as a clinically effective bone substitute. For in vitro experiments, an osteoclast-like cell (RAW-D) was cultured in the presence of AB, CO3Ap, or both (Mix), and the number of osteoclasts was evaluated. Osteoblasts were also cultured under the same conditions, and the number of adherent cells was evaluated. For in vivo experiments, a few holes were created in the rat tibia and AB, CO3Ap, or Mix were added. At 0, 14, and 21 days, the tissue morphology of the wound area was observed, and the thickness of the cortical bone was measured. In vitro, Mix did not increase the number of osteoclasts or osteoblasts. However, in vivo, the rate of bone replacement remarkably increased with Mix on dome-shape. A bone-grafting material combining osteoinductive AB with abundant artificial bone is expected to be clinically easy to use and able to form bone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8100
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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