"Synergistic effects of two Si-H groups and a metal center" in transition metal-catalyzed hydrosilylation of unsaturated molecules: A mechanistic study of the RhCl(PPh3)3-catalyzed hydrosilylation of ketones with 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene

Yusuke Sunada, Yoshiki Fujimura, Hideo Nagashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three rhodadisilacyclopentene complexes are synthesized by the reaction of 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)-benzene with RhCl(PPh3)3 or Rh(H)(PPh3)4, and their contributions to the catalytic hydrosilylation of acetone are discussed. Treatment of the rhodium precursor RhCl(PPh3)3 or Rh(H)(PPh3)4 with 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene affords an unstable Rh(V)-trihydride species having a rhodadisilacy-clopentene skeleton, Rh(Me2SiC 6H4SiMe2)(H)3(PPh3) 2 (1), as a primary product, which is formed by double oxidative addition of 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene to the rhodium center. The complex 1 eliminates H2 upon concentration to quantitatively form a Rh(III)-monohydride complex, Rh(SiMe2C6H 4SiMe2)(H)(PPh3)2 (2). Further oxidative addition of 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene to 2 gives a Rh(III)-trisilyl complex, Rh(Me2SiC6H4SiMe 2)(η1-HSiMe2C6H 4SiMe2)(PPh3) (3), in which there is an agostic interaction between the Si-H bond and the Rh(III) center. Elimination of H 2 from 1 is reversible, and the most effective method for preparing 1 in solution is found to be treatment of 2 with H2. The catalytic behavior of these three new rhodadisilacyclic complexes, RhCl(PPh 3)3, and Rh(H)(PPh3)4, in the hydrosilylation of acetone with 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene was studied. The results suggest the important contribution of the trihydride 1 in the synergistic effect of two proximate Si-H bonds, leading to an unusual rate enhancement in the hydrosilylation of acetone with 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl) benzene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3502-3513
Number of pages12
JournalOrganometallics
Volume27
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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