Syntax and processing in Seediq: an event-related potential study

Masataka Yano, Keiyu Niikuni, Hajime Ono, Manami Sato, Apay Ai yu Tang, Masatoshi Koizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In many languages with subject-before-object as a syntactically basic word order, transitive sentences in which the subject precedes the object have been reported to have a processing advantage over those in which the subject follows the object in sentence comprehension. Three sources can be considered to account for this advantage, namely, syntactic complexity (filler-gap dependency), conceptual accessibility (the order of thematic roles), and pragmatic requirement. To examine the effect of these factors on the processing of simple transitive sentences, the present study conducted two event-related potential experiments in Seediq, an Austronesian language spoken in Taiwan, by manipulating word orders (basic VOS vs. non-basic SVO), the order of thematic roles (actor vs. goal voice), and discourse factors (presence/absence of visual context). The results showed that, compared to VOS, SVO incurred a greater processing load (reflected by a P600) when there was no supportive context, irrespective of voice alternation; however, SVO did not incur a greater processing load when there was supportive context and the discourse requirement was satisfied. We interpreted these results as evidence that the processing difficulty of the non-basic word order in Seediq is associated with a discourse-level processing difficulty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-419
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of East Asian Linguistics
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

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syntax
event
discourse
spoken language
Taiwan
comprehension
pragmatics
experiment
language
evidence
Event-related Potentials
Syntax
Discourse
Transitive
Thematic Roles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Syntax and processing in Seediq : an event-related potential study. / Yano, Masataka; Niikuni, Keiyu; Ono, Hajime; Sato, Manami; Tang, Apay Ai yu; Koizumi, Masatoshi.

In: Journal of East Asian Linguistics, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.11.2019, p. 395-419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yano, Masataka ; Niikuni, Keiyu ; Ono, Hajime ; Sato, Manami ; Tang, Apay Ai yu ; Koizumi, Masatoshi. / Syntax and processing in Seediq : an event-related potential study. In: Journal of East Asian Linguistics. 2019 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 395-419.
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