Syntheses of and metal cation oscillation in ionophoric biscalix[4]arenes

Fumio Ohseto, Seiji Shinkai

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10 Citations (Scopus)


A series of biscalix[4]arenes (2n) doubly-bridged with oxyethylene chains at the lower rim have been synthesized. As in conventional ionophoric monocalix[4]arene derivatives, these compounds showed ion selectivity towards Na+. The 1H NMR spectroscopic studies established that Na+ and K+ ions complexed with 2n oscillate intramolecularly between two calix[4]arene ionophoric sites. Two coalescence temperatures were found in the temperature-dependent 1H NMR spectra in the presence of these metal cations: the coalescence for the intermolecular metal exchange appears at a high temperature region whereas the coalescence for the intramolecular metal oscillation appears at a low temperature region. These two processes could be discriminated by the difference in the concentration dependence: the intermolecular process is concentration-dependent whereas the intramolecular process is concentration-independent. This is a unique dynamic system in which metal cations jump from one ionophoric site to another ionophoric site in biscalix[4]arenes in the NMR time-scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1109
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)


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