Synthesis and anti-juvenile hormone activity of ethyl 4-(2-benzylalkyloxy) benzoates and their enantiomers

Kenjiro Furuta, Kiyo Ashibe, Hiromitsu Shirahashi, Norihiro Fujita, Haruna Yamashita, Naotaka Yamada, Eiichi Kuwano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of ethyl 4-(2-benzylalkyloxy)benzoates were prepared and their activity to induce precocious metamorphosis was evaluated in larvae of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, which was clearly recognized as a juvenile hormone (JH)-deficiency symptom. Ethyl 4-(2-benzylhexyloxy)benzoate (6) and its 2-benzylheptyloxy analog (7) were found to induce precocious metamorphosis at relatively low doses. Both enantiomers of 6 and 7 were prepared using a chiral auxiliary oxazolidinone. (S)-Enatiomers were more active than (R)-isomers at low doses of 0.1 and 1 μg, but at higher doses their activity was reversed. The activity of compound 6 could be fully counteracted by methoprene, a JH agonist, but not by the dietary administration of 20-hydroxyecdysone. The ester group was important in the ability to induce precocious metamorphosis. The (S)-enatiomer of 6 prolonged the duration of the instar and delayed the onset of cocoon spinning when applied to 5th instar larvae, suggesting that this compound might have JH-like activity as well as anti-JH activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pesticide Science
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 31 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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