Synthesis and Antibacterial Activity of New Tetracyclic Quinolone Antibacterials

Masahiro Taguchi, Hirosato Hondo, Yoshimasa Inoue, Yoshihiro Kawahata, Yoshikazu Jinbo, Fumio Sakamoto, Goro Tsukamoto

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of 8-substituted-9,1-(epoxymethano)-7-fluoro-5-oxo-5H-thiazolo[3,2-a]quinoline-4-carboxylic acids having a novel tetracyclic structure was synthesized and tested for antibacterial activity. The nature of the heteroatom (N, O, or S) substituted at the 8-position had little influence on the antibacterial activity. Among the six pyrrolidinyl derivatives and the five piperazinyl derivatives, the 8-(3-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidinyl) derivative 6h and the hydrochloride of the 8-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl) derivative 61 showed the most potent activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Against nalidixic acid resistant strains, isolated from Escherichia coli KC-14, compound 6h was less potent than 6I. Replacement of the piperazinyl nitrogen atom by a carbon atom, an oxygen atom, or a sulfur atom (corresponding to the piperidine, morpholine, or thiomorpholino group, respectively) enhanced the activity against Gram-positive bacteria, but reduced the activity against Gram-negative bacteria. Compound 61 also showed potent in vivo antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and did not cause convulsions in mice with the concomitant administration of fenbufen. Replacement of the car boxy group by a sulfonic acid group in 6I resulted in a complete loss of antibacterial activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-99
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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