Ethyl 4-[2-(tert-butylcarbonyloxy)butoxy]benzoate (ETB) is a partial juvenile hormone (JH) antagonist which targets larval epidermis. We converted ETB to ethyl 4-(2-substituted alkyloxy)benzoates. These compounds induced precocious metamorphosis in the silkworm, Bombyx mori, which is a clear sign of JH deficiency, and their activity was completely counteracted by the simultaneous application of a JH agonist, methoprene. Among these novel compounds, ethyl 4-(2-benzylhexyloxy)benzoate (KF-13) showed high precocious metamorphosis-inducing activity at low doses, but its activity decreased with increasing dose, probably due to their JH-like activity. KF-13 is an enantiomeric compound. The (S)-enatiomer of KF-13 was more active than the (R)-enantiomer at low doses, but at high doses the activity was reversed (R>S). Hemolymph JH esterase activity, which is indispensable for the initiation of pupation in normal last-instar larvae, was induced in 4th-instar larvae by treatment with KF-13. 2-(6-Methyl-3-pyridyloxy)hexyl and 2-phenoxyhexyl analogs showed JH activity when topically applied to allatechtomized 4th-instar larvae.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis