Synthesis and characterization of polyhedral and quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles: Effects of their various surface morphologies and sizes on electrocatalytic activity for fuel cell applications

Nguyen Viet Long, Michitaka Ohtaki, Tong Duy Hien, Randy Jalem, Masayuki Nogami

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    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this article, polyhedral and non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles were prepared by modified polyol method using AgNO3 as a good structure-modifying agent. Their TEM and HRTEM images showed the particle size in the range of 8-16 nm for both the above cases. The structures and properties of the surfaces of Pt nanoparticles were investigated through cyclic voltammetry in dilute perchloric acid (HClO4) electrolyte solution. A comparison of the electrocatalytic property in methanol electrooxidation was made. Here, the effects of polyhedral and non-polyhedral morphologies on their catalytic properties were studied. The results revealed that the special catalytic activity of quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles is higher than that of polyhedral Pt nanoparticles. In addition, Pt nanoparticles of un-sharp and quasi-sphere morphologies exhibit the tolerance to poisoning species better than that of Pt nanoparticles of sharp and polyhedral morphologies due to the various morphologies of the catalyst surfaces in the chronoamperometric plots. Therefore, these experimental evidences showed the morphology-dependent catalytic property according to the various morphologies and complexity of their catalyst surfaces.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5177-5191
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
    Volume13
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2011

    Fingerprint

    Surface Morphology
    Fuel Cell
    fuel cells
    Nanoparticles
    Surface morphology
    Fuel cells
    Synthesis
    nanoparticles
    synthesis
    Catalyst
    catalysts
    perchloric acid
    Catalysts
    Electrooxidation
    poisoning
    Polyols
    Electrolyte
    Particle Size
    Electrolytes
    Cyclic voltammetry

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Bioengineering
    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Chemistry(all)
    • Modelling and Simulation
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

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    title = "Synthesis and characterization of polyhedral and quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles: Effects of their various surface morphologies and sizes on electrocatalytic activity for fuel cell applications",
    abstract = "In this article, polyhedral and non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles were prepared by modified polyol method using AgNO3 as a good structure-modifying agent. Their TEM and HRTEM images showed the particle size in the range of 8-16 nm for both the above cases. The structures and properties of the surfaces of Pt nanoparticles were investigated through cyclic voltammetry in dilute perchloric acid (HClO4) electrolyte solution. A comparison of the electrocatalytic property in methanol electrooxidation was made. Here, the effects of polyhedral and non-polyhedral morphologies on their catalytic properties were studied. The results revealed that the special catalytic activity of quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles is higher than that of polyhedral Pt nanoparticles. In addition, Pt nanoparticles of un-sharp and quasi-sphere morphologies exhibit the tolerance to poisoning species better than that of Pt nanoparticles of sharp and polyhedral morphologies due to the various morphologies of the catalyst surfaces in the chronoamperometric plots. Therefore, these experimental evidences showed the morphology-dependent catalytic property according to the various morphologies and complexity of their catalyst surfaces.",
    author = "Long, {Nguyen Viet} and Michitaka Ohtaki and Hien, {Tong Duy} and Randy Jalem and Masayuki Nogami",
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    T1 - Synthesis and characterization of polyhedral and quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles

    T2 - Effects of their various surface morphologies and sizes on electrocatalytic activity for fuel cell applications

    AU - Long, Nguyen Viet

    AU - Ohtaki, Michitaka

    AU - Hien, Tong Duy

    AU - Jalem, Randy

    AU - Nogami, Masayuki

    PY - 2011/10/1

    Y1 - 2011/10/1

    N2 - In this article, polyhedral and non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles were prepared by modified polyol method using AgNO3 as a good structure-modifying agent. Their TEM and HRTEM images showed the particle size in the range of 8-16 nm for both the above cases. The structures and properties of the surfaces of Pt nanoparticles were investigated through cyclic voltammetry in dilute perchloric acid (HClO4) electrolyte solution. A comparison of the electrocatalytic property in methanol electrooxidation was made. Here, the effects of polyhedral and non-polyhedral morphologies on their catalytic properties were studied. The results revealed that the special catalytic activity of quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles is higher than that of polyhedral Pt nanoparticles. In addition, Pt nanoparticles of un-sharp and quasi-sphere morphologies exhibit the tolerance to poisoning species better than that of Pt nanoparticles of sharp and polyhedral morphologies due to the various morphologies of the catalyst surfaces in the chronoamperometric plots. Therefore, these experimental evidences showed the morphology-dependent catalytic property according to the various morphologies and complexity of their catalyst surfaces.

    AB - In this article, polyhedral and non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles were prepared by modified polyol method using AgNO3 as a good structure-modifying agent. Their TEM and HRTEM images showed the particle size in the range of 8-16 nm for both the above cases. The structures and properties of the surfaces of Pt nanoparticles were investigated through cyclic voltammetry in dilute perchloric acid (HClO4) electrolyte solution. A comparison of the electrocatalytic property in methanol electrooxidation was made. Here, the effects of polyhedral and non-polyhedral morphologies on their catalytic properties were studied. The results revealed that the special catalytic activity of quasi-sphere non-polyhedral Pt nanoparticles is higher than that of polyhedral Pt nanoparticles. In addition, Pt nanoparticles of un-sharp and quasi-sphere morphologies exhibit the tolerance to poisoning species better than that of Pt nanoparticles of sharp and polyhedral morphologies due to the various morphologies of the catalyst surfaces in the chronoamperometric plots. Therefore, these experimental evidences showed the morphology-dependent catalytic property according to the various morphologies and complexity of their catalyst surfaces.

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