Synthesis and electronic and photophysical properties of [2.2]- and [3.3]paracyclophane-based donor-donor′-acceptor triads

Takaaki Miyazaki, Masahiko Shibahara, Jun Ichi Fujishige, Motonori Watanabe, Kenta Goto, Teruo Shinmyozu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three types of the donor(D)-donor′(D′)-acceptor(A) triads 1-6 with different D-A combinations, carbazole (Cz, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-1,8-naphthalimide (NI, A) (1-3), 10H-phenothiazine (PTZ, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-NI(A) (4, 5), and 10-methyl-10H-phenothiazine (Me-PTZ, D)-[2.2]PCP-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD, A) 6, were synthesized for the elucidation of their photophysical properties. The absorption spectra and electrochemical properties indicated that the chromophores (D, D′, and A) do not interact with each other in the ground state. Cz-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 1 and Cz-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 2 show an exciplex emission between the PCP and NI moieties in cyclohexane and the intensity of the band is much higher in 2 than in 1, whereas Cz-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-NI 3 does not show any exciplex emission in cyclohexane. These results indicated that the combination of [3.3]PCP and a trimethylene chain is preferable for the exciplex formation. PTZ-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 4 shows a broad band at 519 nm in cyclohexane, which is associated with the formation of the exterplex band among the NI, [2.2]PCP, and PTZ moieties, while PTZ-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 5 does not show the band. Me-PTZ-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-BTD 6 shows a broad fluorescence band due to both the BTD and PTZ moieties in cyclohexane. In CH3CN, the fluorescence spectra of 1-6 suggest the presence of a photoinduced charge separation process. The study of the photoinduced charge separation process will be soon reported elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11440-11453
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume79
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 5 2014

Fingerprint

Naphthalimides
Fluorescence
Chromophores
Electrochemical properties
Ground state
Absorption spectra
(2.2)paracyclophane
Cyclohexane
phenothiazine
cyclopropane
carbazole
benzo-1,2,3-thiadiazole

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis and electronic and photophysical properties of [2.2]- and [3.3]paracyclophane-based donor-donor′-acceptor triads. / Miyazaki, Takaaki; Shibahara, Masahiko; Fujishige, Jun Ichi; Watanabe, Motonori; Goto, Kenta; Shinmyozu, Teruo.

In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 79, No. 23, 05.12.2014, p. 11440-11453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4e3d8c6d7a41487ab57e5b8dd1f1a836,
title = "Synthesis and electronic and photophysical properties of [2.2]- and [3.3]paracyclophane-based donor-donor′-acceptor triads",
abstract = "Three types of the donor(D)-donor′(D′)-acceptor(A) triads 1-6 with different D-A combinations, carbazole (Cz, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-1,8-naphthalimide (NI, A) (1-3), 10H-phenothiazine (PTZ, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-NI(A) (4, 5), and 10-methyl-10H-phenothiazine (Me-PTZ, D)-[2.2]PCP-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD, A) 6, were synthesized for the elucidation of their photophysical properties. The absorption spectra and electrochemical properties indicated that the chromophores (D, D′, and A) do not interact with each other in the ground state. Cz-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 1 and Cz-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 2 show an exciplex emission between the PCP and NI moieties in cyclohexane and the intensity of the band is much higher in 2 than in 1, whereas Cz-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-NI 3 does not show any exciplex emission in cyclohexane. These results indicated that the combination of [3.3]PCP and a trimethylene chain is preferable for the exciplex formation. PTZ-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 4 shows a broad band at 519 nm in cyclohexane, which is associated with the formation of the exterplex band among the NI, [2.2]PCP, and PTZ moieties, while PTZ-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 5 does not show the band. Me-PTZ-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-BTD 6 shows a broad fluorescence band due to both the BTD and PTZ moieties in cyclohexane. In CH3CN, the fluorescence spectra of 1-6 suggest the presence of a photoinduced charge separation process. The study of the photoinduced charge separation process will be soon reported elsewhere.",
author = "Takaaki Miyazaki and Masahiko Shibahara and Fujishige, {Jun Ichi} and Motonori Watanabe and Kenta Goto and Teruo Shinmyozu",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1021/jo5020273",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "11440--11453",
journal = "Journal of Organic Chemistry",
issn = "0022-3263",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "23",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis and electronic and photophysical properties of [2.2]- and [3.3]paracyclophane-based donor-donor′-acceptor triads

AU - Miyazaki, Takaaki

AU - Shibahara, Masahiko

AU - Fujishige, Jun Ichi

AU - Watanabe, Motonori

AU - Goto, Kenta

AU - Shinmyozu, Teruo

PY - 2014/12/5

Y1 - 2014/12/5

N2 - Three types of the donor(D)-donor′(D′)-acceptor(A) triads 1-6 with different D-A combinations, carbazole (Cz, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-1,8-naphthalimide (NI, A) (1-3), 10H-phenothiazine (PTZ, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-NI(A) (4, 5), and 10-methyl-10H-phenothiazine (Me-PTZ, D)-[2.2]PCP-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD, A) 6, were synthesized for the elucidation of their photophysical properties. The absorption spectra and electrochemical properties indicated that the chromophores (D, D′, and A) do not interact with each other in the ground state. Cz-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 1 and Cz-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 2 show an exciplex emission between the PCP and NI moieties in cyclohexane and the intensity of the band is much higher in 2 than in 1, whereas Cz-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-NI 3 does not show any exciplex emission in cyclohexane. These results indicated that the combination of [3.3]PCP and a trimethylene chain is preferable for the exciplex formation. PTZ-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 4 shows a broad band at 519 nm in cyclohexane, which is associated with the formation of the exterplex band among the NI, [2.2]PCP, and PTZ moieties, while PTZ-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 5 does not show the band. Me-PTZ-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-BTD 6 shows a broad fluorescence band due to both the BTD and PTZ moieties in cyclohexane. In CH3CN, the fluorescence spectra of 1-6 suggest the presence of a photoinduced charge separation process. The study of the photoinduced charge separation process will be soon reported elsewhere.

AB - Three types of the donor(D)-donor′(D′)-acceptor(A) triads 1-6 with different D-A combinations, carbazole (Cz, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-1,8-naphthalimide (NI, A) (1-3), 10H-phenothiazine (PTZ, D)-[n.n]PCP(D′)-NI(A) (4, 5), and 10-methyl-10H-phenothiazine (Me-PTZ, D)-[2.2]PCP-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD, A) 6, were synthesized for the elucidation of their photophysical properties. The absorption spectra and electrochemical properties indicated that the chromophores (D, D′, and A) do not interact with each other in the ground state. Cz-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 1 and Cz-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 2 show an exciplex emission between the PCP and NI moieties in cyclohexane and the intensity of the band is much higher in 2 than in 1, whereas Cz-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-NI 3 does not show any exciplex emission in cyclohexane. These results indicated that the combination of [3.3]PCP and a trimethylene chain is preferable for the exciplex formation. PTZ-(CH2)3-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 4 shows a broad band at 519 nm in cyclohexane, which is associated with the formation of the exterplex band among the NI, [2.2]PCP, and PTZ moieties, while PTZ-(CH2)3-[3.3]PCP-(CH2)3-NI 5 does not show the band. Me-PTZ-(CH2)2-[2.2]PCP-(CH2)2-BTD 6 shows a broad fluorescence band due to both the BTD and PTZ moieties in cyclohexane. In CH3CN, the fluorescence spectra of 1-6 suggest the presence of a photoinduced charge separation process. The study of the photoinduced charge separation process will be soon reported elsewhere.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84916225038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84916225038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/jo5020273

DO - 10.1021/jo5020273

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84916225038

VL - 79

SP - 11440

EP - 11453

JO - Journal of Organic Chemistry

JF - Journal of Organic Chemistry

SN - 0022-3263

IS - 23

ER -