Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and random copolymers of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PNIPAM-HEMA), poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide) (PNIPAM-AAm), and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-N, N-dimethylacrylamide) (PNIPAM-DMAA) with various volume fractions γ of NIPAM were synthesized by radical polymerization. The phase havior of the polymers in water was investigated by means of optical transmittance and dynamic light scattering. With decreasing γ, the cloud point temperature Tcp for PNIPAM-HEMA decreased whereas the Tcp for both PNIPAM-AAm and PNIPAM-DMAA increased. Increase of hydrodynamic radius around Tcp, which resulted from the aggregation of the globules of each polymer, was observed from dynamic light scattering. The relationships between the reciprocal of Tcp of the polymer solutions and 1-γ were linear for the three copolymers in the experimental range of 0.65<γ<1. The results are discussed from the aspect of the interaction parameters of copolymer solutions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry