Synthesis and structural and photoswitchable properties of novel chiral host molecules: Axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl-appended stiff-stilbene

Toshiaki Shimasaki, Shin Ichiro Kato, Keiko Ideta, Kenta Goto, Teruo Shinmyozu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

(Chemical Equation Presented) Novel photoswitchable chiral hosts having an axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl (BINOL)-appended stiff-stilbene, trans-(R,R)- and -(S,S)-1, were synthesized by palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling and low-valence titanium-catalyzed McMurry coupling as key steps, and they were fully characterized by various NMR spectral techniques. The enantiomers of trans-1 showed almost complete mirror images in the CD spectra, where two split Cotton effects (exciton coupling) were observed in the β-transitions of the naphthyl chromophore at 222 and 235 nm, but no Cotton effect was observed in the stiff-stilbene chromophore at 365 nm. The structures of (R)-10 and trans-(R,R)-1 were confirmed by X-ray structural analysis. The optimized structure of cis-1 by MO calculations has a wide chiral cavity of 7-8 Å in diameter, whereas trans-1 cannot form an intramolecular cavity based on the X-ray data. Irradiation of (R,R)-trans-1 with black light (λ = 365 nm) in CH3CN or benzene at 23°C led to the conversion to the corresponding cis-isomer, as was monitored by 1H NMR, UV - vis, and CD spectra. At the photostationary state, the cis-1/ trans-1 ratio was 86/14 in benzene or 75/25 in CH3CN. On the other hand, irradiation of the cis-1/trans-1 (75/25) mixture in CH3CN with an ultra-high-pressure Hg lamp at 23°C (λ = 410 nm) led to the photostationary state, where the cis-1/trans-1 ratio was estimated to be 9/91 on the basis of the 1H NMR spectra. The cis-trans and trans-cis interconversions could be repeated 10 times without decomposition of the C=C double bond. Thus, a new type of photoswitchable molecule has been developed, and trans-1 and cis-1 were quite durable under irradiation conditions. The guest binding properties of the BINOL moieties of trans- and cis-(R,R)-1 with F -, Cl-, and H2PO4- were examined by 1H NMR titration in CDCl3. Similar interaction with F- and Cl- was observed in trans-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F - and (4.6 ± 0.72) × 102 M-1 for Cl-) and cis-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F- and (5.9 ± 0.69) × 10 M-1 for Cl-), but H2PO4 - interacted differently: the cis-isomer formed the 1/1 complex (Kassoc = (9.38 ± 2.67) × 10 M-1), whereas multistep equilibrium was expected for the trans-isomer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1087
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 16 2007

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Stilbenes
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Isomers
Molecules
Irradiation
Chromophores
Benzene
Cotton
X rays
Enantiomers
Palladium
Titanium
Titration
Electric lamps
Structural analysis
Mirrors
Decomposition
naphthol BINOL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis and structural and photoswitchable properties of novel chiral host molecules : Axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl-appended stiff-stilbene. / Shimasaki, Toshiaki; Kato, Shin Ichiro; Ideta, Keiko; Goto, Kenta; Shinmyozu, Teruo.

In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 72, No. 4, 16.02.2007, p. 1073-1087.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1f91aa2ced8048f98c9bfc7f1ca70b74,
title = "Synthesis and structural and photoswitchable properties of novel chiral host molecules: Axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl-appended stiff-stilbene",
abstract = "(Chemical Equation Presented) Novel photoswitchable chiral hosts having an axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl (BINOL)-appended stiff-stilbene, trans-(R,R)- and -(S,S)-1, were synthesized by palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling and low-valence titanium-catalyzed McMurry coupling as key steps, and they were fully characterized by various NMR spectral techniques. The enantiomers of trans-1 showed almost complete mirror images in the CD spectra, where two split Cotton effects (exciton coupling) were observed in the β-transitions of the naphthyl chromophore at 222 and 235 nm, but no Cotton effect was observed in the stiff-stilbene chromophore at 365 nm. The structures of (R)-10 and trans-(R,R)-1 were confirmed by X-ray structural analysis. The optimized structure of cis-1 by MO calculations has a wide chiral cavity of 7-8 {\AA} in diameter, whereas trans-1 cannot form an intramolecular cavity based on the X-ray data. Irradiation of (R,R)-trans-1 with black light (λ = 365 nm) in CH3CN or benzene at 23°C led to the conversion to the corresponding cis-isomer, as was monitored by 1H NMR, UV - vis, and CD spectra. At the photostationary state, the cis-1/ trans-1 ratio was 86/14 in benzene or 75/25 in CH3CN. On the other hand, irradiation of the cis-1/trans-1 (75/25) mixture in CH3CN with an ultra-high-pressure Hg lamp at 23°C (λ = 410 nm) led to the photostationary state, where the cis-1/trans-1 ratio was estimated to be 9/91 on the basis of the 1H NMR spectra. The cis-trans and trans-cis interconversions could be repeated 10 times without decomposition of the C=C double bond. Thus, a new type of photoswitchable molecule has been developed, and trans-1 and cis-1 were quite durable under irradiation conditions. The guest binding properties of the BINOL moieties of trans- and cis-(R,R)-1 with F -, Cl-, and H2PO4- were examined by 1H NMR titration in CDCl3. Similar interaction with F- and Cl- was observed in trans-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F - and (4.6 ± 0.72) × 102 M-1 for Cl-) and cis-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F- and (5.9 ± 0.69) × 10 M-1 for Cl-), but H2PO4 - interacted differently: the cis-isomer formed the 1/1 complex (Kassoc = (9.38 ± 2.67) × 10 M-1), whereas multistep equilibrium was expected for the trans-isomer.",
author = "Toshiaki Shimasaki and Kato, {Shin Ichiro} and Keiko Ideta and Kenta Goto and Teruo Shinmyozu",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis and structural and photoswitchable properties of novel chiral host molecules

T2 - Axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl-appended stiff-stilbene

AU - Shimasaki, Toshiaki

AU - Kato, Shin Ichiro

AU - Ideta, Keiko

AU - Goto, Kenta

AU - Shinmyozu, Teruo

PY - 2007/2/16

Y1 - 2007/2/16

N2 - (Chemical Equation Presented) Novel photoswitchable chiral hosts having an axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl (BINOL)-appended stiff-stilbene, trans-(R,R)- and -(S,S)-1, were synthesized by palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling and low-valence titanium-catalyzed McMurry coupling as key steps, and they were fully characterized by various NMR spectral techniques. The enantiomers of trans-1 showed almost complete mirror images in the CD spectra, where two split Cotton effects (exciton coupling) were observed in the β-transitions of the naphthyl chromophore at 222 and 235 nm, but no Cotton effect was observed in the stiff-stilbene chromophore at 365 nm. The structures of (R)-10 and trans-(R,R)-1 were confirmed by X-ray structural analysis. The optimized structure of cis-1 by MO calculations has a wide chiral cavity of 7-8 Å in diameter, whereas trans-1 cannot form an intramolecular cavity based on the X-ray data. Irradiation of (R,R)-trans-1 with black light (λ = 365 nm) in CH3CN or benzene at 23°C led to the conversion to the corresponding cis-isomer, as was monitored by 1H NMR, UV - vis, and CD spectra. At the photostationary state, the cis-1/ trans-1 ratio was 86/14 in benzene or 75/25 in CH3CN. On the other hand, irradiation of the cis-1/trans-1 (75/25) mixture in CH3CN with an ultra-high-pressure Hg lamp at 23°C (λ = 410 nm) led to the photostationary state, where the cis-1/trans-1 ratio was estimated to be 9/91 on the basis of the 1H NMR spectra. The cis-trans and trans-cis interconversions could be repeated 10 times without decomposition of the C=C double bond. Thus, a new type of photoswitchable molecule has been developed, and trans-1 and cis-1 were quite durable under irradiation conditions. The guest binding properties of the BINOL moieties of trans- and cis-(R,R)-1 with F -, Cl-, and H2PO4- were examined by 1H NMR titration in CDCl3. Similar interaction with F- and Cl- was observed in trans-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F - and (4.6 ± 0.72) × 102 M-1 for Cl-) and cis-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F- and (5.9 ± 0.69) × 10 M-1 for Cl-), but H2PO4 - interacted differently: the cis-isomer formed the 1/1 complex (Kassoc = (9.38 ± 2.67) × 10 M-1), whereas multistep equilibrium was expected for the trans-isomer.

AB - (Chemical Equation Presented) Novel photoswitchable chiral hosts having an axis chiral 2,2′-dihydroxy-1,1′-binaphthyl (BINOL)-appended stiff-stilbene, trans-(R,R)- and -(S,S)-1, were synthesized by palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling and low-valence titanium-catalyzed McMurry coupling as key steps, and they were fully characterized by various NMR spectral techniques. The enantiomers of trans-1 showed almost complete mirror images in the CD spectra, where two split Cotton effects (exciton coupling) were observed in the β-transitions of the naphthyl chromophore at 222 and 235 nm, but no Cotton effect was observed in the stiff-stilbene chromophore at 365 nm. The structures of (R)-10 and trans-(R,R)-1 were confirmed by X-ray structural analysis. The optimized structure of cis-1 by MO calculations has a wide chiral cavity of 7-8 Å in diameter, whereas trans-1 cannot form an intramolecular cavity based on the X-ray data. Irradiation of (R,R)-trans-1 with black light (λ = 365 nm) in CH3CN or benzene at 23°C led to the conversion to the corresponding cis-isomer, as was monitored by 1H NMR, UV - vis, and CD spectra. At the photostationary state, the cis-1/ trans-1 ratio was 86/14 in benzene or 75/25 in CH3CN. On the other hand, irradiation of the cis-1/trans-1 (75/25) mixture in CH3CN with an ultra-high-pressure Hg lamp at 23°C (λ = 410 nm) led to the photostationary state, where the cis-1/trans-1 ratio was estimated to be 9/91 on the basis of the 1H NMR spectra. The cis-trans and trans-cis interconversions could be repeated 10 times without decomposition of the C=C double bond. Thus, a new type of photoswitchable molecule has been developed, and trans-1 and cis-1 were quite durable under irradiation conditions. The guest binding properties of the BINOL moieties of trans- and cis-(R,R)-1 with F -, Cl-, and H2PO4- were examined by 1H NMR titration in CDCl3. Similar interaction with F- and Cl- was observed in trans-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F - and (4.6 ± 0.72) × 102 M-1 for Cl-) and cis-1 (host/guest = 1/1, Kassoc = (1.0 ± 0.13) × 103 for F- and (5.9 ± 0.69) × 10 M-1 for Cl-), but H2PO4 - interacted differently: the cis-isomer formed the 1/1 complex (Kassoc = (9.38 ± 2.67) × 10 M-1), whereas multistep equilibrium was expected for the trans-isomer.

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