Synthesis, cation distribution, and electrochemical properties of Fe-substituted Li2MnO3 as a novel 4 V positive electrode material

Mitsuharu Tabuchi, Akiko Nakashima, Hikari Shigemura, Kazuaki Ado, Hironori Kobayashi, Hikari Sakaebe, Hiroyuki Kageyama, Tatsuya Nakamura, Masao Kohzaki, Atsushi Hirano, Ryoji Kanno

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93 Citations (Scopus)


LiFeO2-Li2MnO3 solid solution was synthesized using solid-state reaction and hydrothermal-postannealing methods and characterized as a positive electrode material for rechargeable lithium batteries. Although the maximum Fe content [Fe/(Fe + Mn)] was limited up to 30% by solid-state reaction, the content can extend up to 75% by the hydrothermal-postannealing method. Neutron and X-ray Rietveld analysis reveal that the basic structure of the sample is a layered rock-salt structure isostructural with LiCoO2 (R3̄m) in which Fe ions exist on both Li (3a) and Co (3b) sites. Elemental analysis and 57Fe Mössbauer spectra show Fe ions exist as 3+/4+ mixed-valence state after the samples were postannealed above 650 °C. The initial charge capacity of Li/sample cells was above 100 mAh/g when the upper voltage limit was 4.3 V. The plateau around 4 V was observed for all Li/sample cells on first discharge. The maximum of initial discharge capacity was about 100 mAh/g down to 2.5 V for the Li/(50% Fe-substituted sample) cell, when the positive electrode was obtained by postannealing at 650 °C in air. The capacity fading of the 4 V plateau could be suppressed by adjusting the Fe content to less than 50%, postannealing temperature between 600 and 700 °C, and by 10% Ni substitution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A509-A524
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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