We have previously developed the innovative bicyclic nucleoside analogues (WNA) for the formation of the triplex DNA. The WNA analogue consists of an aromatic ring and a recognition base on the bicyclic skeleton, and the recognition of the CG or TA interrupting sites has been achieved by the WNA analogues. However, the stabilization ability of the WNA analogue is dependent on its neighboring nucleobases within the TFO. We hypothesized that the sequence dependency might arise from the fixed conformation of the bicyclic ring of the WNA. Thus, it was expected that an open-linker between the sugar part and the nucleobase might produce the flexibility and improve the stabilizing effect of the nucleobase analogues. We now report the design and synthesis of a new nucleoside analogue as an open-form of WNA-βT, the 1′-phenyl- 2′-OMe-ribose derivative, connecting the thymine base to the ribose part through a methylene linker (1) or an ethylene linker (2). TFO containing the 3′-dA-1-dG context recognized the CG interrupting site, and that with the 3′-dG-1-dG context recognized the GC site. In contrast, 2 displayed a stabilizing effect on all four base pairs with some preferences for the TFO containing 3′-dA-2-dG and 3′-dG-2-dG. These results suggested that a flexible linker between the nucleobase and the ribose part may improve the sequence dependency for the triplex formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry