Two well-known antifungals, amphotericin B (AmB) and amphodinol 3 (AM3), are thought to exert antifungal activity by forming ion-permeable channels or pores together with sterol molecules. However, detailed molecular recognitions for AmB-sterol and AM3-sterol in lipid bilayers have yet to be determined. Toward 19F NMR-based investigation of the molecular recognition underlying their potent antifungal activity, we synthesized 6-fluoro-ergosterol in five steps via ring opening of (5α,6α)-epoxide of ergosterol acetate with using novel combination of TiF4 and n-Bu 4N+Ph3SiF2-. Then we evaluated its activity of promoting pore formation of AmB and AM3, and found that pore formation of AmB was barely promoted by 6-F-ergosterol in clear contrast to the dramatic promotion effect of unmodified ergosterol, whereas AM3 activity was markedly enhanced in the presence of 6-F-ergosterol, which was comparable to that of unmodified ergosterol. These results indicate that the introduction of an F atom at C6 position of ergosterol plays an inhibitory role in interacting with AmB, but it is not the case with AM3.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry