Synthesis of activated carbon from rice chaff by microwave hydrothermal method

Miki Inada, Takahiro Koga, Yumi Tanaka, Naoya Enomoto, Junichi Hojo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rice chaff can be converted into activated carbon by alkaline treatment at high temperature. In this study, we tried to synthesize activated carbon from rice chaff by microwave hydrothermal treatment with NaOH solution. Rice chaff was heated at 700°C for 1 h in N 2 after HCl treatment to remove impurity, such as alkali metals, resulting in the formation of charcoal. The charcoal was mixed with NaOH aqueous solution, and then heated at 100°C under microwave irradiation. After heating, the product was separated by filtration, washed with deionized water and dried at 50 °C. The specific surface area of product was 1060 m 2/g under microwave irradiation and 690 m 2/g by conventional heating with autoclave, which indicates that microwave hydrothermal treatment is effective for activation of charcoal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)598-601
Number of pages4
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2011

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Charcoal
Activated carbon
Microwave irradiation
Microwaves
Alkali Metals
Heating
Deionized water
Autoclaves
Alkali metals
Specific surface area
Chemical activation
Impurities
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis of activated carbon from rice chaff by microwave hydrothermal method. / Inada, Miki; Koga, Takahiro; Tanaka, Yumi; Enomoto, Naoya; Hojo, Junichi.

In: Funtai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, Vol. 58, No. 10, 01.10.2011, p. 598-601.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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