A new type of corn-shape carbon nanofibers (CCNFs) with metal-free tips was fabricated and their characteristics were investigated. The CCNFs were grown on Ni/SiO2/Si and Ni/Mo mesh substrates by a microwave plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition method using CH4 and H2 gases with the technique of bias enhanced growth method. Transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction show that CCNFs were composed of thick cylindrical pure graphite walls, and had nanometer-sized tips with roots. The tips' apex angles of CCNFs were dependent on the substrate temperature, as the cone angles of 20, 39 and 60°.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering