Synthesis of Flower-Like AuPd@SiO2 Nanoparticles with a Broad Light Extinction for Application to Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Masaharu Tsuji, Keiko Uto, Hayashi Jun-Ichiro, Akihiko Yoshiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flower-like AuPd alloy nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared by reducing a mixture of HAuCl4/H2PdCl4 in an aqueous solution. Transmittance electron microscope (TEM), TEM-energy dispersed X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction data indicate that AuPd alloy NPs are composed of Pd rich core and Au rich shell. Crystal growth mechanism of ununiform AuPd alloy NPs is discussed in terms of oxidative etching by Cl/O2. Even when AuPd alloy NPs are covered by SiO2 shells for the use of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), ununiform alloy structure of AuPd NPs is reserved after sintering at 450 °C. When 0.36–4.8 wt% of AuPd@SiO2 NPs are added to TiO2–N719–DSSCs, the photoconversion efficiency (PCE) is enhanced by 7–38% in comparison with that obtained without addition of metallic NPs. The enhancement of PCE by the addition of AuPd@SiO2 NPs is discussed in terms of near-field surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect of metallic NPs and far-field light-scattering effect of large TiO2 aggregates formed by the addition of a small amount of distilled water into TiO2 pastes. On the basis of the short-circuit current density (Jsc) and the open-circuit voltage (Voc) changes upon the addition of AuPd@SiO2, the enhancement of PCE is attributed to synergy effects of far-field scattering of large TiO2 aggregates and near-field SPR of AuPd@SiO2 NPs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700396
JournalParticle and Particle Systems Characterization
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Light extinction
extinction
solar cells
dyes
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
synthesis
Surface plasmon resonance
surface plasmon resonance
far fields
transmittance
near fields
Electron microscopes
electron microscopes
Dye-sensitized solar cells
augmentation
Open circuit voltage
short circuit currents
Ointments
Crystallization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Synthesis of Flower-Like AuPd@SiO2 Nanoparticles with a Broad Light Extinction for Application to Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. / Tsuji, Masaharu; Uto, Keiko; Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi; Yoshiwara, Akihiko.

In: Particle and Particle Systems Characterization, Vol. 35, No. 5, 1700396, 01.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Flower-like AuPd alloy nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared by reducing a mixture of HAuCl4/H2PdCl4 in an aqueous solution. Transmittance electron microscope (TEM), TEM-energy dispersed X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction data indicate that AuPd alloy NPs are composed of Pd rich core and Au rich shell. Crystal growth mechanism of ununiform AuPd alloy NPs is discussed in terms of oxidative etching by Cl−/O2. Even when AuPd alloy NPs are covered by SiO2 shells for the use of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), ununiform alloy structure of AuPd NPs is reserved after sintering at 450 °C. When 0.36–4.8 wt{\%} of AuPd@SiO2 NPs are added to TiO2–N719–DSSCs, the photoconversion efficiency (PCE) is enhanced by 7–38{\%} in comparison with that obtained without addition of metallic NPs. The enhancement of PCE by the addition of AuPd@SiO2 NPs is discussed in terms of near-field surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect of metallic NPs and far-field light-scattering effect of large TiO2 aggregates formed by the addition of a small amount of distilled water into TiO2 pastes. On the basis of the short-circuit current density (Jsc) and the open-circuit voltage (Voc) changes upon the addition of AuPd@SiO2, the enhancement of PCE is attributed to synergy effects of far-field scattering of large TiO2 aggregates and near-field SPR of AuPd@SiO2 NPs.",
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