Synthesis of fluorescent glycosphingolipids and neoglycoconjugates which contain 6-gala oligosaccharides using the transglycosylation reaction of a novel endoglycoceramidase (EGALC)

Yohei Ishibashi, Masashi Kiyohara, Nozomu Okino, Makoto Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endoglycoceramidase is a glycohydrolase capable of hydrolysing the O-glycosidic linkage between oligosaccharides and ceramides of various glycosphingolipids. However, no endoglycoceramidase reported so far can hydrolyse 6-gala series glycosphingolipids which possess the common structure R-Galß1-6Galß1-1'Cer. Recently, we found a novel endoglycoceramidase (endogalactosylceramidase, EGALC) which specifically hydrolyses 6-gala series glycosphingolipids. Here, we report that EGALC catalyses the hydrolysis as well as transglycosylation. An intact sugar chain of neogalatriaosylceramide (Galß1-6Galß1-6Galß1-1'Cer) was found to be transferred by EGALC to a primary hydroxyl group of various alkanols and non-ionic detergents such as Triton X-100 generating corresponding alkyl- and Triton- trigalactooligosaccharides. Furthermore, fluorescent 6-gala series glycosphingolipids were synthesized by transglycosylation in a reaction with EGALC using fluorescent ceramides as acceptors. Because of high efficiency and broad acceptor specificity, EGALC would facilitate the synthesis of fluorescent glycosphingolipids and neoglycoconjugates which contain 6-gala oligosaccharides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-246
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Volume142
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2007

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endoglycoceramidase
Glycosphingolipids
Oligosaccharides
Ceramides
Hydrolysis
Glycoside Hydrolases
Octoxynol
Sugars
Detergents
Hydroxyl Radical

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis of fluorescent glycosphingolipids and neoglycoconjugates which contain 6-gala oligosaccharides using the transglycosylation reaction of a novel endoglycoceramidase (EGALC)",
abstract = "Endoglycoceramidase is a glycohydrolase capable of hydrolysing the O-glycosidic linkage between oligosaccharides and ceramides of various glycosphingolipids. However, no endoglycoceramidase reported so far can hydrolyse 6-gala series glycosphingolipids which possess the common structure R-Gal{\ss}1-6Gal{\ss}1-1'Cer. Recently, we found a novel endoglycoceramidase (endogalactosylceramidase, EGALC) which specifically hydrolyses 6-gala series glycosphingolipids. Here, we report that EGALC catalyses the hydrolysis as well as transglycosylation. An intact sugar chain of neogalatriaosylceramide (Gal{\ss}1-6Gal{\ss}1-6Gal{\ss}1-1'Cer) was found to be transferred by EGALC to a primary hydroxyl group of various alkanols and non-ionic detergents such as Triton X-100 generating corresponding alkyl- and Triton- trigalactooligosaccharides. Furthermore, fluorescent 6-gala series glycosphingolipids were synthesized by transglycosylation in a reaction with EGALC using fluorescent ceramides as acceptors. Because of high efficiency and broad acceptor specificity, EGALC would facilitate the synthesis of fluorescent glycosphingolipids and neoglycoconjugates which contain 6-gala oligosaccharides.",
author = "Yohei Ishibashi and Masashi Kiyohara and Nozomu Okino and Makoto Ito",
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AU - Kiyohara, Masashi

AU - Okino, Nozomu

AU - Ito, Makoto

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AB - Endoglycoceramidase is a glycohydrolase capable of hydrolysing the O-glycosidic linkage between oligosaccharides and ceramides of various glycosphingolipids. However, no endoglycoceramidase reported so far can hydrolyse 6-gala series glycosphingolipids which possess the common structure R-Galß1-6Galß1-1'Cer. Recently, we found a novel endoglycoceramidase (endogalactosylceramidase, EGALC) which specifically hydrolyses 6-gala series glycosphingolipids. Here, we report that EGALC catalyses the hydrolysis as well as transglycosylation. An intact sugar chain of neogalatriaosylceramide (Galß1-6Galß1-6Galß1-1'Cer) was found to be transferred by EGALC to a primary hydroxyl group of various alkanols and non-ionic detergents such as Triton X-100 generating corresponding alkyl- and Triton- trigalactooligosaccharides. Furthermore, fluorescent 6-gala series glycosphingolipids were synthesized by transglycosylation in a reaction with EGALC using fluorescent ceramides as acceptors. Because of high efficiency and broad acceptor specificity, EGALC would facilitate the synthesis of fluorescent glycosphingolipids and neoglycoconjugates which contain 6-gala oligosaccharides.

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