Synthesis of large area, homogeneous, single layer graphene films by annealing amorphous carbon on Co and Ni

Carlo M. Orofeo, Hiroki Ago, Baoshan Hu, Masaharu Tsuji

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    60 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The synthesis of large area, homogenous, single layer graphene on cobalt (Co) and nickel (Ni) is reported. The process involves vacuum annealing of sputtered amorphous carbon (a-C) deposited on Co/sapphire or Ni/sapphire substrates. The improved crystallinity of the metal film, assisted by the sapphire substrate, proves to be the key to the quality of as-grown graphene film. The crystallinity of the Co and Ni metal films was improved by sputtering the metal at elevated temperature as was verified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). After sputtering of a-C and annealing, large area, single layer graphene that occupies almost the entire area of the substrate was produced. With this method, 100 mm2-area single layer graphene can be synthesized and is limited only by the substrate and vacuum chamber size. The homogeneity of the graphene film is not dependent on the cooling rate, in contrast to syntheses using polycrystalline metal films and conventional chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth. Our facile method of producing single layer graphene on Co and Ni metal films should lead to large scale graphene-based applications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)531-540
    Number of pages10
    JournalNano Research
    Volume4
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011

    Fingerprint

    Graphite
    Amorphous carbon
    Cobalt
    Nickel
    Graphene
    Annealing
    Metals
    Aluminum Oxide
    Sapphire
    Substrates
    Sputtering
    Vacuum
    Chemical vapor deposition
    Cooling
    X ray diffraction

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Materials Science(all)

    Cite this

    Synthesis of large area, homogeneous, single layer graphene films by annealing amorphous carbon on Co and Ni. / Orofeo, Carlo M.; Ago, Hiroki; Hu, Baoshan; Tsuji, Masaharu.

    In: Nano Research, Vol. 4, No. 6, 01.06.2011, p. 531-540.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Orofeo, Carlo M. ; Ago, Hiroki ; Hu, Baoshan ; Tsuji, Masaharu. / Synthesis of large area, homogeneous, single layer graphene films by annealing amorphous carbon on Co and Ni. In: Nano Research. 2011 ; Vol. 4, No. 6. pp. 531-540.
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