Synthesis of Potato Starch-Acrylic-Acid Hydrogels by Gamma Radiation and Their Application in Dye Adsorption

Md Murshed Bhuyan, Nirmal Chandra Dafader, Kazuhiro Hara, Hirotaka Okabe, Yoshiki Hidaka, Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Mizanur Rahman Khan, Nazia Rahman

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several kinds of acrylic-acid-grafted-starch (starch/AAc) hydrogels were prepared at room temperature (27°C) by applying 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 kGy of gamma radiation to 15% AAc aqueous solutions containing 5, 7.5, and 15% of starch. With increment of the radiation dose, gel fraction became higher and attained the maximum (96.5%) at 15 kGy, above which the fraction got lowered. On the other hand, the gel fraction monotonically increased with the starch content. Swelling ratios were lower for the starch/AAc hydrogels prepared with higher gamma-ray doses and so with larger starch contents. Significant promotions of the swelling ratios were demonstrated by hydrolysis with NaOH: 13632 ± 10 % for 15 kGy radiation-dosed [5% starch/15% AAc] hydrogel, while the maximum swelling ratio was 200% for those without the treatment. The authors further investigated the availability of the starch/AAc hydrogel as an adsorbent recovering dye waste from the industrial effluents by adopting methylene blue as a model material; the hydrogels showed high dye-capturing coefficients which increase with the starch ratio. The optimum dye adsorption was found to be 576 mg per g of the hydrogel having 7.5 starch and 15% AAc composition. Two kinetic models, (i) pseudo-first-order and (ii) pseudo-second-order kinetic models, were applied to test the experimental data. The latter provided the best correlation of the experimental data compared to the pseudo-first-order model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9867859
JournalInternational Journal of Polymer Science
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics

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