Synthetic partial extension peptides of P-450(SCC)and adrenodoxin precursors: Effects on the import of mitochondrial enzyme precursors

Shigeki Furuya, Masayoshi Okada, Akio Ito, Haruhiko Aoyagi, Tatsuhiko Kanmera, Tetsuo Kato, Yasuhiro Sagara, Tadao Horiuchi, Tsuneo Omura

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various portions of the extension peptides of P-450(SCC) precursor were chemically synthesized. The effects of these peptides on the import of enzyme precursors into mitochondria were examined. Peptides SEP1-15 and SEP1-20, corresponding to the amino terminal portion of the extension peptides, strongly inhibited the import of P-450(SCC) precursor into mitochondria. These peptides were effective at concentrations above 30 μM, and complete inhibition was observed at 100 μM. SEP1-11, which is shorter than SEP1-15 and SEP1-20, showed very weak inhibition. SEP25-39, which corresponds to the carboxy terminal portion of the extension peptide, did not affect the import of the precursor. The import of P-450(11β) and adrenodoxin precursors were also inhibited by SEP1-15. Another peptide, AEP1-14, which corresponds to the amino terminal portion of the extension peptide of adrenodoxin precursor, was also synthesized. The peptide inhibited the import of both adrenodoxin and P-450(SCC) precursors into mitochondria. The import of malate dehydrogenase was also inhibited by SEP1-15 and AEP1-14. The rate of the internalization of the precursor into mitochondria was decreased by the peptides. The amount of the precursor bound to the surface of mitochondria and the processing of adrenodoxin precursor were not affected. The respiratory activities of isolated mitochondria were not influenced by SEP1-15 even at 100 μM. We conclude that the inhibitory activities of the synthetic partial extension peptides on the import of enzyme precursors into mitochondria require the presence of about fifteen amino acid residues in the amino terminal portion of the extension peptides, and the inhibition of the import by the peptides was dependent on the blockage of the internalization of the precursors into mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-832
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume102
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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