Synthetic Polarization Maps of an Outflow Zone from Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations

Gianfranco Bino, Shantanu Basu, Masahiro N. Machida, Aris Tritsis, Mahmoud Sharkawi, Kundan Kadam, Indrani Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The canonical theory of star formation in a magnetized environment predicts the formation of hourglass-shaped magnetic fields during the prestellar collapse phase. In protostellar cores, recent observations reveal complex and strongly distorted magnetic fields in the inner regions that are sculpted by rotation and outflows. We conduct resistive, nonideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of a protostellar core and employ the radiative transfer code POLARIS to produce synthetic polarization segment maps. A comparison of our mock-polarization maps based on the toroidal-dominated magnetic field in the outflow zone with the observed polarization vectors of SiO lines in Orion Source I shows a reasonable agreement when the magnetic axis is tilted at an angle θ = 15° with respect to the plane of the sky and if the SiO lines have a net polarization parallel to the local magnetic field. Although the observed polarization is from SiO lines and our synthetic maps are due to polarized dust emission, a comparison is useful and allows us to resolve the ambiguity of whether the line polarization is parallel or perpendicular to the local magnetic field direction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number29
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume936
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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