Systematic Scatterometer Wind Errors Near Coastal Mountains

Thomas Kilpatrick, Shang Ping Xie, Hiroki Tokinaga, David Long, Nolan Hutchings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Satellite scatterometers provide the only regular observations of surface wind vectors over vast swaths of the world oceans, including coastal regions, which are of great scientific and societal interest but still present challenges for remote sensing. Here we demonstrate systematic scatterometer wind errors near Hawaii's Big Island: Two counter-rotating lee vortices, which are clear in the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set ship-based wind climatology and in aircraft observations, are absent in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Remote Sensing Systems scatterometer wind climatologies. We demonstrate similar errors in the representation of transient Catalina Eddy events in the Southern California Bight. These errors likely arise from the nonuniqueness of scatterometer wind observations, that is, an “ambiguity removal” is required during processing to select from multiple wind solutions to the geophysical model function. We discuss strategies to improve the ambiguity selection near coastal mountains, where small-scale wind reversals are common.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1900-1914
Number of pages15
JournalEarth and Space Science
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

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scatterometer
mountain
remote sensing
ocean
surface wind
climatology
vortex
eddy
aircraft
atmosphere

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Systematic Scatterometer Wind Errors Near Coastal Mountains. / Kilpatrick, Thomas; Xie, Shang Ping; Tokinaga, Hiroki; Long, David; Hutchings, Nolan.

In: Earth and Space Science, Vol. 6, No. 10, 01.10.2019, p. 1900-1914.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kilpatrick, T, Xie, SP, Tokinaga, H, Long, D & Hutchings, N 2019, 'Systematic Scatterometer Wind Errors Near Coastal Mountains', Earth and Space Science, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 1900-1914. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019EA000757
Kilpatrick, Thomas ; Xie, Shang Ping ; Tokinaga, Hiroki ; Long, David ; Hutchings, Nolan. / Systematic Scatterometer Wind Errors Near Coastal Mountains. In: Earth and Space Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 10. pp. 1900-1914.
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