Systematic study of the effects of stimulus parameters and stimulus location on afterdischarges elicited by electrical stimulation in the rat

Hiroshi Shigeto, Atthaporn Boongird, Kenneth Baker, Christoph Kellinghaus, Imad Najm, Hans Lüders

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrical brain stimulation is used in a variety of clinical situations, including cortical mapping for epilepsy surgery, cortical stimulation therapy to terminate seizure activity in the cortex, and in deep brain stimulation therapy. However, the effects of stimulus parameters are not fully understood. In this study, we systematically tested the impact of various stimulation parameters on the generation of motor symptoms and afterdischarges (ADs). Focal electrical stimulation was delivered at subdural cortical, intracortical, and hippocampal sites in a rat model. The effects of stimulus parameter on the generation of motor symptoms and on the occurrence of ADs were examined. The effect of stimulus irregularity was tested using random or regular 50. Hz stimulation through subdural electrodes. Hippocampal stimulation produced ADs at lower thresholds than neocortical stimulation. Hippocampal stimulation also produced significantly longer ADs. Both in hippocampal and cortical stimulation, when the total current was kept constant with changing pulse width, the threshold for motor symptom or AD was lowest between 50 and 100. Hz and higher at both low and high frequencies. However, if the pulse width was fixed, the threshold did not increase above 100. Hz and it apparently continued to decrease through 800. Hz even if the difference did not reach statistical significance. There was no significant difference between random and regular stimulation. Overall, these results indicate that electrode location and several stimulus parameters including frequency, pulse width, and total electricity are important in electrical stimulation to produce motor symptoms and ADs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume104
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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