Systemic vasculitis associated with α1-antitrypsin deficiency

Yasushi Takii, Hisako Inoue, Eiji Karashima, Mitsuteru Akahoshi, Isao Furugo, Sachiko Hattori, Motoko Yamanaka, Sachiko Kinoshita, Naotaka Hamasaki, Kazuya Shimoda, Hiroshi Nakashima, Hiroshi Tsukamoto, Takahiko Horiuchi, Takeshi Otsuka, Mine Harada

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Abstract

We describe a rare case of systemic vasculitis associated with α1-antitrypsin (α1-AT) deficiency. Mutational analysis of the α1-AT gene in this patient revealed a homozygous α1-AT Mnichinan variant. α1-AT possesses broad-spectrum inhibitory activity against many serine proteases, including human neutrophil elastase, to help maintaining the crucial balance between proteases and protease inhibitors. The increase in free protease activity in the context of α1-AT deficiency may induce exacerbation of the vasculitis. This serious genetic defect severely affects the balance between a protease and a protease inhibitor at the pathological site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-623
Number of pages5
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Takii, Y., Inoue, H., Karashima, E., Akahoshi, M., Furugo, I., Hattori, S., ... Harada, M. (2003). Systemic vasculitis associated with α1-antitrypsin deficiency. Internal Medicine, 42(7), 619-623. https://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.42.619