T lymphocytes play a pivotal role in the autoimmune response in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Recent studies have shown that there is overlapping in the PDC-E2-specific T and B cell epitopes. In addition, helper T and cytotoxic T cell epitopes all contain a shared peptide sequence. In addition, recognition of exogenous antigens including bacterial antigens by autoantigen-specific T cell and the mechanism of molecular mimicry provide a clue to clarifying the pathogenesis of PBC. Furthermore, the findings that autoantigen-immune complexes cross present and also that the presentation of autoantigen is of a higher relative efficiency, define a unique role of autoantibodies in the pathogenesis of the autoimmune disease. The mechanism of immune-mediated bile duct damage in PBC, including the possible role of T cell-mediated cytotoxicity and molecular mimicry is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy