L-selectin, which was first reported as MEL-14 antigen in mice, is a type of animal lectin and expressed on lymphocytes, neutrophils and macrophages. L-selectin has been reported to be a homing receptor of lymphocytes to peripheral lymph nodes and to have an important role in initial adhesion of lymphocytes and neutrophils to endothelial cells activated by inflammatory cytokines. On the other hand, it has been reported that naive T cells express L-selectin while memory T cells and in vitro antigen-stimulated T cells lose its expression. If all memory T cells lack L-selectin, trafficking of memory T cells into inflammatory sites would be difficult. To know whether all memory T cells lack L-selectin expression, kinetics of expression of L-selectin was analysed on memory T-cell subsets, which are detected by expression of CD44, in mice after intraperitoneal immunization with a sublethal dose of viable Listeria monocytogenes. T cells expressing both L-selectin and CD44 were detected in splenocytes and peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) from untreated mice, though at low levels. L-selectin+ CD44+ T cells increased in PEC, which are known to be highly enriched in antigen primed T cells, and reached maximum level on day 14 after immunization. Furthermore, we found increases not only of L-selectin- CD44+ but also of L-selectin+ CD44+ T cells by in vitro Listeria antigen stimulation of Listeria-immune spleen cells on day 14. These results showed that T cells expressing both L-selectin and CD44 increase after antigen stimulation in vivo and in vitro. The L-selectin+ CD44+ T cells may be a subset of memory T cells which retain their capacity of trafficking to inflammatory sites.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy