Targeted DNA demethylation of the Fgf21 promoter by CRISPR/dCas9-mediated epigenome editing

Nozomi Hanzawa, Koshi Hashimoto, Xunmei Yuan, Kenichi Kawahori, Kazutaka Tsujimoto, Miho Hamaguchi, Toshiya Tanaka, Yuya Nagaoka, Hiroshi Nishina, Sumiyo Morita, Izuho Hatada, Tetsuya Yamada, Yoshihiro Ogawa

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Abstract

Recently, we reported PPARα-dependent DNA demethylation of the Fgf21 promoter in the postnatal mouse liver, where reduced DNA methylation is associated with enhanced gene expression after PPARα activation. However, there is no direct evidence for the effect of site-specific DNA methylation on gene expression. We employed the dCas9-SunTag and single-chain variable fragment (scFv)-TET1 catalytic domain (TET1CD) system to induce targeted DNA methylation of the Fgf21 promoter both in vitro and in vivo. We succeeded in targeted DNA demethylation of the Fgf 21 promoter both in Hepa1-6 cells and PPARα-deficient mice, with increased gene expression response to PPARα synthetic ligand administration and fasting, respectively. This study provides direct evidence that the DNA methylation status of a particular gene may determine the magnitude of the gene expression response to activation cues.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5181
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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    Hanzawa, N., Hashimoto, K., Yuan, X., Kawahori, K., Tsujimoto, K., Hamaguchi, M., Tanaka, T., Nagaoka, Y., Nishina, H., Morita, S., Hatada, I., Yamada, T., & Ogawa, Y. (2020). Targeted DNA demethylation of the Fgf21 promoter by CRISPR/dCas9-mediated epigenome editing. Scientific reports, 10(1), [5181]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62035-6