Targeting FoxO transcription factors with HDAC inhibitors for the treatment of osteoarthritis

Hiroki Ohzono, Yiwen Hu, Keita Nagira, Haruhisa Kanaya, Naoki Okubo, Merissa Olmer, Masafumi Gotoh, Ichiro Kurakazu, Yukio Akasaki, Manabu Kawata, Emily Chen, Alan C. Chu, Kristen A. Johnson, Martin K. Lotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: Osteoarthritis (OA) features ageing-related defects in cellular homeostasis mechanisms in articular cartilage. These defects are associated with suppression of forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors. FoxO1 or FoxO3 deficient mice show early onset OA while FoxO1 protects against oxidative stress in chondrocytes and promotes expression of autophagy genes and the essential joint lubricant proteoglycan 4 (PRG4). The objective of this study was to identify small molecules that can increase FoxO1 expression. Methods: We constructed a reporter cell line with FoxO1 promoter sequences and performed high-throughput screening (HTS) of the Repurposing, Focused Rescue and Accelerated Medchem (ReFRAME) library. Hits from the HTS were validated and function was assessed in human chondrocytes, meniscus cells and synoviocytes and following administration to mice. The most promising hit, the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI) panobinostat was tested in a murine OA model. Results: Among the top hits were HDACI and testing in human chondrocytes, meniscus cells and synoviocytes showed that panobinostat was the most promising compound as it increased the expression of autophagy genes and PRG4 while suppressing the basal and IL-1β induced expression of inflammatory mediators and extracellular matrix degrading enzymes. Intraperitoneal administration of panobinostat also suppressed the expression of mediators of OA pathogenesis induced by intra-articular injection of IL-1β. In a murine OA model, panobinostat reduced the severity of histological changes in cartilage, synovium and subchondral bone and improved pain behaviours. Conclusion: Panobinostat has a clinically relevant activity profile and is a candidate for OA symptom and structure modification.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA59
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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