Telmisartan and N-acetylcysteine suppress group v secretory phospholipase A2 expression in TNFα-stimulated human endothelial cells and reduce associated atherogenicity

Kazuo Sonoki, Masanori Iwase, Shigehiro Ohdo, Ichiro Ieiri, Naoto Matsuyama, Yutaka Takata, Takanari Kitazono

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Abstract

Group V secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-V) hydrolyzes phosphatidylcholine in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to increase lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) content. Because in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)-induced sPLA2-V expression, and LPC content in LDL and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA were enhanced by incubation of LDL with TNFα-stimulated HUVEC, we investigated whether an angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker, telmisartan, or an antioxidant drug, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), suppressed TNFα-induced sPLA2-V expression. Telmisartan or NAC administered before and during TNFα stimulation diminished the increase of sPLA2-V mRNA in HUVEC and reduced TNFα-induced sPLA 2-V protein at 3 days after TNFα stimulation. Angiotensin II did not induce sPLA2-V mRNA, and a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ antagonist, GW3335, did not influence the inhibitory effect of telmisartan on TNFα-induced sPLA2-V mRNA. At 3 days after TNFα stimulation, 30 μM telmisartan or 20 mM NAC administered before and during TNFα stimulation prevented the enhancement of LPC content in LDL and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA by LDL incubation with TNFα-stimulated HUVEC. A 2-month treatment with telmisartan in 29 hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients significantly reduced LPC content in circulating LDL. Telmisartan's suppressive effect on TNFα-induced sPLA2-V expression may have beneficial effects in preventing proatherogenic changes of LDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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