Aim: Virtual touch tissue quantification (VTTQ) is an implementation of ultrasound acoustic radiation force impulse imaging that provides numerical measurements of tissue stiffness. We have evaluated the temporal changes of the remnant liver and spleen after living donor hepatectomy with special reference to the differences between right and left liver donation. Methods: Nineteen living donors who received right lobectomy (small remnant liver [SRL] group; n=7) or extended left and caudate lobectomy (large remnant liver [LRL] group; n=12) were enrolled. They underwent measurement of liver and spleen VTTQ before and after donor surgery. Results: Virtual touch tissue quantification of the remnant liver increased postoperatively until postoperative day (POD) 3-5, and the values in the SRL group were significantly higher than those in the LRL group at POD 3-9. The values of the spleen also increased after donor surgery and the values in the SRL group were significantly higher than those in the LRL group at POD 3-14. A significant positive correlation between postoperative maximum value of VTTQ and postoperative maximum total bilirubin levels was observed. In liver transplant recipients, there was a significant positive correlation between preoperative spleen VTTQ and the corresponding actual portal venous pressure that was measured at the time of transplant surgery. Conclusion: Stiffness of the remaining liver and spleen in the smaller remnant liver group became harder than that in the larger remnant liver group. Perioperative measurement of liver and spleen VTTQ seems to be a useful means for assessing the physiology of liver regeneration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases