Temporal variation of the shallow subsurface at the Aquistore CO2 storage site associated with environmental influences using a continuous and controlled seismic source

Tatsunori Ikeda, Takeshi Tsuji, Mamoru Takanashi, Isao Kurosawa, Masashi Nakatsukasa, Ayato Kato, Kyle Worth, Don White, Brian Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of reliable systems for monitoring injected CO2 is essential in carbon capture and storage projects. We applied time-lapse surface wave analysis to measure temporal variations of the shallow subsurface among 11 periods (0.2–21.6 days) of continuous seismic data acquired from 2014 to 2016 at the Aquistore CO2 storage site in Canada. We focused on monitoring environmental influences on shallow seismic velocity, which are unrelated to CO2 injection into deep reservoirs. A continuous, controlled seismic source system called Accurately Controlled Routinely Operated Signal System was used to enhance the temporal resolution and source repeatability. Observed phase velocities were clearly higher in winter than in warmer seasons. The seasonal variation could be reproduced by an increase in the shallow S wave velocity during winter associated with the greater extent of freezing of partially saturated rock. We also observed gradual increases or decreases in phase velocities as the seasons changed, which could be related to gradual freezing or melting of ice. Our monitoring system thus could be effective for monitoring temporal variations of the shallow subsurface associated with the degree of freezing. Furthermore, the high temporal stability of our monitoring approach in warm seasons may make it possible to immediately identify CO2 leakage in the shallow subsurface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2859-2872
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

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seismic source
freezing
temporal variation
phase velocity
winter
Freezing
Monitoring
monitoring
Phase velocity
environmental monitoring
annual variations
seismic velocity
temporal resolution
Canada
monitoring system
surface wave
surface waves
S waves
leakage
wave velocity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Temporal variation of the shallow subsurface at the Aquistore CO2 storage site associated with environmental influences using a continuous and controlled seismic source. / Ikeda, Tatsunori; Tsuji, Takeshi; Takanashi, Mamoru; Kurosawa, Isao; Nakatsukasa, Masashi; Kato, Ayato; Worth, Kyle; White, Don; Roberts, Brian.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 122, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 2859-2872.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ikeda, Tatsunori ; Tsuji, Takeshi ; Takanashi, Mamoru ; Kurosawa, Isao ; Nakatsukasa, Masashi ; Kato, Ayato ; Worth, Kyle ; White, Don ; Roberts, Brian. / Temporal variation of the shallow subsurface at the Aquistore CO2 storage site associated with environmental influences using a continuous and controlled seismic source. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 2017 ; Vol. 122, No. 4. pp. 2859-2872.
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