The 1st step initiation essential for allergen-specific IgE antibody production upon the 2nd step: Induction of non-specific IgE+ small B cells containing secondly-sensitized allergen-specific ones in mice firstly-sensitized with an allergen

Natsuki Hannya, Hiromi Ogita-Nakanishi, Ryuji Kato, Yoshio Ijiri, Tetsuya Hayashi, Kazuhiko Tanaka, Ryo Kawata, Hiroshi Takenaka, Takahiro Kubota, Ryotaro Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There was a significant amount of non-specific, but not of allergen (e.g., papain, mite feces and four kinds of pollen)-specific, IgE antibodies (Abs) in the sera of normal mice. An i.n. injection of each allergen without adjuvant into mice caused an increase in total IgE Ab titers with a similar time course in the serum. However, the stage of initiation of allergy varied from allergen to allergen. Submandibular lymph node cells from normal mice contained papain-, but not mite feces- or pollen-specific IgE+ cells and an i.n. injection of papain induced papain-specific IgE Abs in the serum. In contrast, one (i.n.) or two (i.n. and s.c) injections of mite feces induced neither mite feces-specific IgE+ cells in the lymph nodes nor mite feces-specific IgE Abs in the serum. I.n. sensitization with cedar pollen induced cedar pollen-specific IgE+ small B cells in the lymph nodes on Day 10, when non-specific IgE Ab titers reached a peak in the serum, implying induction of related allergen-specific IgE+ small cells as well. In fact, a second (s.c.) injection of ragweed (or cedar) pollen into mice sensitized i.n. once with cedar (or ragweed) pollen, but not with mite feces, induced a large amount of ragweed (or cedar) pollen-specific IgE Abs in the serum. These results indicate that when firstly-sensitized non-specific IgE+ small B cells in mouse lymph nodes include some secondly-sensitized allergen-specific ones, mice produce IgE Abs specific for the secondly-injected allergen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-110
Number of pages12
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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